Eravikulam national park is spread over an extensive area of 97 sq km in the Kannan devan hills.along the crest of Western Ghats in the high ranges of Idukki district. Located 15 km from Munnar, it is one of most important tourist destinations in Kerala. The national park is managed by the Kerala Department of Forest and Wildlife, Munnar.
It is an ideal place for seeing the biodiversity of high elevation shola-grassland ecosystem. Visitors are taken to Rajamalai in forest dept vehicles and given an opportunity to see all this. Private vehicles are not allowed here. The National Park is usually closed at the time of calving of Nilgiri Tahr which is usually during the early months of every year.
Eravikulam National Park is sanctuary for the endangered mountain goat of South India, the Nilgiri Tahr (Hemitragus hylocrious), and stands out for the stark beauty of its rolling grasslands and sholas, spread over 97 sq km
Anamudi, the highest peak (2695 m) south of Himalayas, stands majestically in the core area of the national park. The slopes of the hills abound in many kinds of rare flora which include rare terrestrial and epiphytic orchids, and beautiful wild balsams. Important fauna here are the Nilgiri Tahr, Nilgiri Langur, leopard, tiger, Indian bison, etc.
The national park is divided into three areas – the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. In which, the Rajamalai is known to be the tourism area of the park. Here, the tourists are allowed to travel deep into the forest to explore the hidden beauty of the environment around.
Rajamalai is the tourism zone of the National Park, where the visitors are taken in forest dept vehicles and introduced to the shola – grassland eco system unique to this region. There is a very informative interpretation centre at Rajamalai.
Apart from Nilgiri Tahr, one can find around 26 different species of mammals at this park. A number of elephants, langur and marten can be found here. About 120 species of birds like black and ornage flycatcher, Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri wood pigeon, white bellied shortwing and Kerala laughing thrush can be spotted at Eravikulam National Park.
Don’t make this your destination during the early months of the year, the park may be closed for visitors because it is calving time of the Tahr.
Visiting hours: 0700 to 1800 hrs